Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal dis-balance in women. PCOS is also termed as Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD), which is an endocrine system disorder causing enlargement of ovaries (which contains small collections of fluid called follicles) with small cysts formation on its outer edges. In PCOD, the hormones of women are out of balance causing appearance changes and severe health problems.
Women develop small cysts in their ovaries which are not very harmful but lead to hormonal imbalances in the body. Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) can affect the menstrual cycle of a woman abnormally causing irregular periods or skipped periods for long. The disease reduces the fertility in women giving various complications in conceiving a child or during pregnancy phase. The causes to PCOD are not well understood however, genetics can be a factor of the same. Studies say, that women who suffer from PCOD or PCOS tend to produce an amount of male hormones (androgen) also in addition to female hormones leading to the development of more facial hair, acne and irregular periods. The body may also become resistant to insulin which in turn can cause type 2 diabetes. Women with PCOD are also prone to heart problems.
The Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) results into:
- Irregular menstrual cycle: The primary change which a woman can experience herself is getting periods late. Getting late periods or skipped periods is one of the major sign reflecting a change in your hormonal balance. Periods getting late by 1 or 2 days may not be an issue. However, consistent irregularity can be a sign of PCOD along with other issues if experienced.
- Excess of Androgen: If your body has an excess of androgen (male hormone) and physical signs like facial hair, acne, an excess of body hair, chances of PCOD increases.
- Multiple ovaries: The ovaries in female become enlarged. It accumulates numerous cysts outside its edges surrounding the egg thus, resulting in multiple ovaries or polycystic ovaries.
Consultation with a doctor is a must for diagnosis. After the diagnosis, the doctor may recommend you to lose weight. Women with more weight are prone to this disease. Thus, you can reduce your weight. Later, you can observe the hormonal changes in the body which were disrupted, performing good like-irregular periods, weight loss, increasing energy and so on.
The doctor may go through a physical exam. He/she may prescribe a blood test, pelvic exam or ultrasound to view the condition of disease and cysts. Therefore, on the basis of diagnosis, the doctor can prescribe you medicine to regulate your period problem, control unnecessary hair growth and help in overcoming fertility problems. Polycystic Ovarian Disease/Syndrome is not fatal. However, as the disease causes severe hormonal imbalances in females, they can create impact for long terms.