The muscle cramps occurs due to the contraction of one or more muscle. The cramps are really painful and many a time it occurs in the leg of people while sleeping. The sudden muscle cramp in the leg at night is called as ‘Nocturnal leg cramp’. It occurs during the night while sleeping due to involuntary contractions of the calf muscles. The nocturnal cramp leads to the feeling of tightness or knot in the leg. The duration of this cramps can last from few seconds to several minutes. However, the intense pain may go away after some time but muscle soreness stays for a longer period. There are many reasons behind the nocturnal muscle cramp and by knowing these reasons you may take precautionary measures. (Also read: What Are The Alarming Reasons For Sweating When You Are Cold)
Let’s discuss the reasons for a nocturnal leg cramp
The dehydration may be the main reason behind the muscle cramp during the night. The proper hydration of the body is very important as 75 percent of muscles tissues comprises of water. The water helps muscles to contract and relax. If you are not drinking adequate amount water and not maintaining the hydration level then it may be the cause of nocturnal leg cramp.
The nutritional deficiency may also cause nocturnal leg cramp. The minerals like sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium are responsible for both nerve impulses and muscle contractions. The adequate consumption of nutrition helps muscles to function properly. (Also read: What to eat in the breakfast that you do not feel hungry until lunch)
The pregnant women often face this nocturnal leg cramp. During pregnancy, it occurs during the initial stage of the second trimester. It occurs due to the pressure of the uterus on certain nerves, fatigue, or reduced circulation in the legs. It is important to discuss the problem with your doctor.
Another reason for the nocturnal leg cramps is the low level of thyroid hormones. The inadequate amount of the thyroid hormones often increase the risk of muscle cramping and pain. (Also read: What happens to your body if you consume two eggs daily)