What are electrolytes and why are they important for our health

The deficiency of electrolytes causes twitching and weakness.

Electrolytes maintains water level, controls body muscle movement and brain functioning.

Electrolytes are minerals which play an important role in the human body. The main electrolytes are magnesium, calcium, potassium and chloride. These electrolytes help body organs to function properly. Electrolytes also help in maintaining water level, controls body muscle movement and brain functioning. The functioning of every electrolyte is different as sodium works to regulate the amount of water in the body and also ensure the proper functioning of the brain. While electrolyte potassium works to regulate heartbeat and also plays important role in neuron functioning. Due to the important functioning of electrolytes in the body, it is mandatory to have an adequate amount of electrolytes in the body to stay healthy. Moreover, the deficiency of electrolytes causes twitching and weakness. (Also read: Zinc Deficiency: Signs that you are facing a zinc deficiency)

Let’s know what is a function  and importance of each specific electrolyte:

  • Calcium
  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • Magnesium
  • Chloride
  1. Calcium
    Electrolyte calcium plays a major role in muscle and nerve functioning.
    The electrolyte calcium plays a major role in the body.

    Calcium is an important electrolyte that plays a major role in the body. It helps in maintaining strong bones, teeth and also nails. Moreover, the calcium stimulates muscle and nerve functioning. You can also fulfil the requirement of calcium at home. To know more click here.

  2. Sodium
    The main function of electrolyte sodium is to maintain water content in the body. The sodium indicates to the kidney to retain or excrete water. Moreover, it also beneficial in nerve functioning.
  3. Potassium
    Electrolyte potassium plays an important role in maintaining normal functioning of cells and also muscles. It also plays a major role in nerve signalling.
  4. Magnesium
    Magnesium helps to convert blood sugar into energy. Moreover, this electrolyte also keeps the immune system healthy and also strengthen bones.
  5. Chloride
    The chloride is an important electrolyte that maintains fluid balance in the cells. Mainly, this electrolyte found in a fluid outer layer of cells. (Also read: What are the reasons that you should not drink water while standing)

What can cause electrolyte imbalance?

  • High temperatures and heat waves
  • Kidney problems
  • prolonged periods of vomiting or diarrhoea
  • poor diet
  • severe dehydration


A nutritious diet helps to prevent the shortage of electrolytes in the body. Moreover, consuming energy drinks after exercise may also reduce the impact of losing electrolytes. You can also read this article in Hindi.

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