During pregnancy, the female body goes through several changes as it adjusts and nourishes the foetus developing inside. To ensure a smooth and easy pregnancy, here are few precautions that you must follow.
Change your habits
Alcohol and cigarette smoking are a big no-no during pregnancy. Even passive smoking is harmful too. Hence, if your partner is a regular smoker, it’s time for him to quit at the earliest. Consuming excess alcohol can lead to foetal alcohol syndrome, on the other hand, smoking can cause sudden infant death syndrome.
Vitamins form an essential part of your prenatal supplements. Folic acid is required on a daily basis to cut out the risk of neural tube defects in the fetus. Doctors usually prescribe multivitamins with calcium and iron to supplement a healthy balanced diet.
Check your caffeine
Excess caffeine, especially during the first few weeks of your pregnancy, can increase the risk of a miscarriage. It’s best to cut down on your daily tea or coffee intake.
Drink plenty of water
As the foetus develops, the blood level of a pregnant woman can go up by as much as 33% of the total volume. So it’s best to drink plenty of water and other healthy fluids to stay hydrated and help your body adjust to the rise in hormone levels.
Watch your fish
It is true that seafood is a rich source of omega 3 fatty acids and protein, but the mercury levels in fish are what you need to be careful about. Opt for fish that has white coloured flesh, such as tuna, swordfish, and salmon as they contain significantly low mercury level.
Stay away from artificial additives
Food colours in Indian sweets and curries are not good for the foetus in the initial stages of its development. Same applies for flavour enhancers like monosodium glutamate (MSG) or Ajinomoto that is found commonly in Chinese eateries and ready-to-make foods.
Do not self-medicate
Stick to medication that has been prescribed to you. Consult with your doctor about the safety of common OTC medicines that you may take for aches or nausea. Herbal concoctions may cause more harm. Ask as many questions as you can to your doctor regarding medication, home remedies, etc.
Skip hot baths
A long hot shower once in a while is okay, but try not to make it a regular thing. This is because overheating of your belly can cause hindrances in the baby’s growth and normal development.
Stay away from raw foods and keep a check on your blood pressure to avoid any kind of complications. A few basic precautions can go a long way in making your pregnancy a healthy and happy one.
The first consultation with the doctor definitely helps. It lets you identify habits that you need to quit and imbibe so that you and the foetus remain healthy.