The dehydration occurs when the water content of human body plunges below permissible levels. It disturbs the delicate equilibrium of essential minerals present in body fluids as every cell of the body require water in order to function properly. It can also occur due to frequent urination, excessive sweating, high fever, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Anyone can become dehydrated, but those at a higher risk include infants, young children, older adults, people with chronic illnesses, endurance athletes and people living at high altitudes. The signs of dehydration can also include spasms, tension in your neck or jaw, constipation, vomiting, and heart problems. The people who are experiencing symptoms like trouble concentrating or lingering muscle pains have no idea that they are really suffering from preventable dehydration symptoms.
Here are the most common symptoms of dehydration:
1. Increase Your Water Intake
The first step to treat dehydration is increasing your water intake. Water is usually enough to rehydrate adults. You should drink sufficient water even if you do not feel particularly thirsty.
Sip small amounts of water and clear fluids throughout the day. Drink carbohydrate- or electrolyte-containing drinks.
2. Homemade ORS
The homemade Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) is the easy way to hydrate the body during dehydration. Add ½ teaspoon of salt and 6 teaspoons of sugar (or brown sugar) to 4 cups of drinking water. Stir thoroughly until the salt and sugar dissolve completely. Drink this ORS twice or thrice a day for effective results at earliest.
Yoghurt is an effective home remedy for dehydration due to diarrhoea or vomiting. However, it is a good source of electrolytes and easily digested. Eat a cup of plain yoghurt few times a day. You can also add a little cottage cheese in it. The another option to treat dehydration at home is to eat plain boiled rice with yoghurt and a little salt.
4. Watery Fruits and Vegetables
Increase intake of water-rich fruits and vegetables during mild to moderate dehydration. The fruits and vegetables which contain hydrating salts, minerals and sugars they work in a similar way as the isotonic drinks. The fruits and vegetables which contain high water content are watermelons, cantaloupe, grapefruit, oranges, strawberries, cucumber, grapes, papaya, celery, lettuce, radishes, spinach, zucchini and tomatoes.
Bananas are another fruit that you can eat to treat mild dehydration. Dehydration causes loss of minerals like potassium in the body. It helps in restoration of important minerals as the bananas are rich in potassium. In addition, it helps to restore normal functioning of cramped muscles, which occur due to excess water loss in the body.
6. Coconut Water
The coconut water plays an important role in treating dehydration. It is very hydrating drink due to the presence of high electrolytes. It is also relatively low in calories and sugar. Drink a glass of tender coconut water a few times daily to rehydrate the body. As coconut water is rapidly absorbed by the cells, you will find quick results.