Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a mental problem caused by the problem in the brain. This mental disorder impacts the nervous system and affects the overall cognitive, emotional, social and physical health. This kind of mental disorder is commonly found in children. Moreover, the children who suffer from autism disorder change their behaviour and the repeat same thing many times. (Also read: How to overcome your insecurities)
Let’s know more about autism disorder:
Causes of autism: It is difficult to tell exactly what causes autism disorder. But according to the research, it can be caused by two important reasons. Which are as follows:
To have a lot of connection in brain cells: The cells of the child’s brain are developed all the time. Children say something and do something different. In this way, the connections of the cells in the brain are also damaged. Due to this, the brain does not work properly, due to which this kind of mental problem occurs. (Also read: What are the harmful effects of gaming addiction in children)
Genetically: Many times such mental disorder comes only with birth. This may be due to a genetic history of a member of the family.
Symptoms of autism: There are three types of symptoms, especially in this type of mental disorder.
- Problem in communication
- The problem in social interaction
- The habit of repeatedly doing the same work
Apart from this, there are some symptoms that are found in children.
- Speech Delay
- The problem in identifying people and things.
- The absence of expressions on a face
- Walking near the walls
- The desire to be alone
Diagnosing autism: In this type of mental disorder, doctors examine the children at an early age. Because the signs are seen in the child at an early age, the child is also examined on the basis of these signs. The signs are as follows:
- Do not make eye contact.
- Do not respond to the name.
- Problems while speaking
- Depending on these factors, the disorder is diagnosed in the following ways.
In this, the doctor starts to keep an eye on children immediately after the birth.
Comprehensive Behavioral evaluation:
In this kind of disorder, the child is physically and mentally examined. In this kind of treatment, both his physical and mental behaviour of the child is observed. (Also read: Amazing brain hacks to make you smarter)