Adolescents witness a lot of physical changes. During teenage, hormonal changes result in mood swings. At least one out of eight adolescents suffers from this problem. There can various reasons which may lead to teenage depression. Social interaction with peers during this time could also trigger depression. Sexual orientation or problems in family life are some other factors which make the teenagers feel aloof and isolated.
Symptoms of depression among teens are similar to that of adults which cause a change in the behaviour. Lack of interest in activities, shunning companies, excessive sleeping, aggression, etc is some of those symptoms seen among teenagers who are depressed.
It is important to note that teenagers from families with a history of depression are more likely to suffer from the particular disorder.
Diagnosis for Depression is usually done by psychological tests. Visiting a mental health-care professional is always helpful in detecting the extent of the disorder. Treatment for depression usually involves a combination of techniques including psychotherapy and medication.
If the family conflict is one of the contributing factors for depression, then a family therapy would be also helpful in reducing the stress from the adolescent. Just like adults, teenagers also need a support group for their recovery. Teachers, friends, and classmates play an important role in solving their problems. For those who are suffering from severe depression, psychiatric care is done which involve hospitalisation in a psychiatric unit.
For the majority of patients, a treatment plan that combines different treatment strategies is more effective than simply administering antidepressant medications.
Consulting with a right healthcare professional is essential for treating the teenage depression. If parents find symptoms of depression in their children, they should spend more time with them so that they don’t feel isolated.
It’s always better to address even the smallest of concerns that your teenage son or daughter may be facing. If the patients are reluctant to open up then it would be wise to involve a friend or another family. If this doesn’t work even after repeated attempts, it’s better to consult a qualified professional to address these concerns.