Syphilis is a disease which transmits sexually. It is a contagious disease which primarily being spread by sexual activities. This happens both by oral and anal sex. This infection is caused by the bacteria Treponema Pallidum. Generally, prolonged kissing and close bodily contact is the reason behind this STD. Although, this disease transmits from sores sometimes the vast majority of those sores are left unrecognised. The worst part of this disease is, the infected person is mostly unaware of his or her condition and unknowingly passes the disease to their sexual partners. This is how Syphilis spreads immensely.
If a pregnant woman has this disease, she might spread this to her baby. As a result, there can be abnormalities in the baby and this might can cause the death of the child. This problem called congenital Syphilis. (Also Read: Signs of syphilis: Everything you need to know about syphilis)
Symptoms of Syphilis:
Syphilis infection happens in three bifurcating stages. These are:
People with primary Syphilis are having one or more than one sores. These types of sores are small and painless inflammations. This happens in the area of genitals or in the mouth somewhere between 10-90 days after exposure. It is a curable disease.
Secondary Stage of Syphilis:
This stage is noticeable. The infection may last for six weeks to 5 months after exposure. People usually get “Copper penny” rashes on their palms and soles in the Secondary Syphilis. In the other parts of the body, there are many small acne-like inflammations, which are rosy copper in colour. There would be brown patches on the mouth, lymph glands. Fever and weight loss are the other types of symptoms sometimes appear.
Like Primary Syphilis, Secondary Syphilis also treatable and curable. (Also Read: What Are The Myths Related To Sexually Transmitted Diseases
In this stage, the infection lies inactive. There will be no symptoms at this stage, but the infection would be there.
In this stage, things are a bit critical. If there is no treatment at this stage, then it may progress into a problem in your heart, brain and nervous system. As a result, there will be few disorders like paralysis, blindness, dementia, deafness, impotence. Moreover, there will be chances of death as well if it is not treated.
Diagnosis of Syphilis:
The Diagnosis of Syphilis needs few tests including:
- Blood test: This is important to understand the current or past infections, the state of antibodies etc.
- Cerebral spinal fluid: If the doctor diagnoses that Syphilis is affecting the nervous system, then he may recommend the spinal fluid test.
- Body fluid: During the 1st two stages of Syphilis, the body fluid can determine the stages of the chances.
Treatments for Syphilis:
- If Syphilis remains untreated, then it can be life threatening also. At the primary stages, penicillin is important.
- If a pregnant woman has Syphilis, it will be dangerous. While the time of delivery, it is necessary the newborn undergo an antibiotic treatment.
- The newborn may experience fever, nausea, allergy on face and body as the side effect of the treatment.
- Sometimes the doctor recommends going for HIV tests as well. (Also Read: How Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Can Be Prevented)
These are the basic details about Syphilis, an STD. Read this article in Hindi also.